Charles Heck, a doctoral candidate in Human Geography from Florida, who lives in Santa Marta Favela during his field research and writing his dissertation about upgrading and environmental discourse in Rio’s policy for favelas. This article that’s pushlished online, in one of the most popular Catalytic Communities project in Rio, trying to put out sources that shows the justification of Favela removals in Rio, is questioning the definition between human settlement and environmental protected areas. “Urbanization is dispossessing thousands of families in the state of Rio,” stated Heck. The “Area of Risk” mentioned in this article is said to be framed by the city in the name of protecting against natural disasters and protected by the Forest Code as well. This plan is argued by the researcher as an ambiguous, as it clashes with term to human displacement at the same time. Although this piece of writing doesn’t really argued against the backdrop of particular gentrification topic, we would like to show the displacement have been taken part ( in this case Santa Marta as highlighted by the author) even though there is a virtual map showing the high percentage of low income and minimum rental payment among the population.
Figure 1. % Residents paying rent in South Zone. Favelas delineated with Santa Marta detail. Picture extracted from http://rioonwatch.org/?attachment_id=11807 (Heck, 2013)
Figure 2. Income across South Zone in reais. Favelas delineated with Santa Marta detail. Source extracted from http://rioonwatch.org/?attachment_id=11814 (Heck, 2013)
For further readig, please see The “Area of Risk” justification for Favela removals: The case of Santa Marta by Charles Heck in Rio Watch.